What Is A Permanent Virtual Circuit (PVC)?

What is a Permanent Virtual Circuit (PVC)?

DEFINITIONS: What is a Permanent Virtual Circuit (PVC)?

Welcome to another installment of our “DEFINITIONS” category, where we explore various terms and concepts related to the world of technology and telecommunications. Today, we will be diving into the fascinating realm of Permanent Virtual Circuits (PVCs) – a vital component of data communication networks. So, buckle up and let’s embark on a journey to understand what a PVC is and how it functions!

Key Takeaways:

  • PVCs are a form of virtual circuit used in data communication networks.
  • They provide a dedicated connection between two endpoints, ensuring efficient and reliable transmission of data packets.

What is a Permanent Virtual Circuit?

A Permanent Virtual Circuit (PVC) is a logical connection established between two network devices within a data communication network. It is often used in Wide Area Networks (WANs), where data needs to be reliably transmitted between different locations.

Unlike a Switched Virtual Circuit (SVC), which is a temporary connection established on-demand, a PVC is a preconfigured and dedicated pathway that remains active at all times. It creates a continuous link between the source and destination devices, mimicking a physical point-to-point connection.

PVCs are commonly seen in Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) networks and Frame Relay networks. In these networks, PVCs are typically identified by a unique identifier, known as a Virtual Channel Identifier (VCI), which helps in routing data packets to the correct destination.

How Does a Permanent Virtual Circuit Work?

Now that we understand the definition of a PVC, let’s take a closer look at how it operates:

  1. Connection Establishment: To set up a PVC, network administrators define the connection parameters at both ends of the circuit. This includes specifying the source device, destination device, and any necessary routing information.
  2. Circuit Activation: Once the connection parameters are configured, the PVC is activated, providing a continuous link between the two endpoints. This eliminates the need for frequent setup and teardown of connections, resulting in improved efficiency.
  3. Data Transmission: With the PVC active, data packets can be transmitted between the source and destination devices. These packets travel along the established circuit, bypassing the need for repeated address lookups or routing decisions.
  4. Circuit Deactivation: Unlike a Switched Virtual Circuit, a PVC remains active until explicitly deactivated by network administrators. This ensures a persistent connection, minimizing delays associated with connection establishment.

By offering a permanent connection, PVCs are well-suited for applications that require a consistent and reliable flow of data, such as voice and video communications, banking transactions, or critical data transfers.

In Conclusion

In the ever-expanding world of data communication networks, Permanent Virtual Circuits play a crucial role in maintaining reliable connections between network devices. By providing dedicated pathways that stay active at all times, PVCs ensure efficient transmission of data packets without the need for constant connection setup.

We hope this article has shed some light on the concept of PVCs and their importance in modern networks. Join us next time as we venture into another exciting “DEFINITIONS” topic!